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March 2, 2023

Personal hearings before reply submissions are prohibited by natural justice standards

Personal hearings before reply submissions are prohibited by natural justice standards

Fact and issue of the case

In the replies all dated 19.10.2022 sent by the petitioner to the show cause notices, the petitioner has informed the respondent that there is

The defects pointed out by the respondent in the impugned show cause notices have been clarified by the petitioner in their replies. However, in the impugned assessment order, no reasons have been given by the respondent for rejecting the petitioner’s replies wherein they have categorically stated that there is no mismatch for which they have also substantiated through documents which have not been considered in the impugned assessment orders. They are non-speaking orders with regard to the contentions raised in the replies all dated 19.10.2022 sent by the petitioner.

Further, it is also seen from the impugned assessment orders that eventhough personal hearing was afforded to the petitioner, the same was afforded to the petitioner only prior to the receipt of the replies of the petitioner by the respondent.

In fact in a decision rendered by a learned Single Judge of this Court on 31.08.2020 in W.P.(MD).Nos.8133 of 2020, etc., batch, while interpreting Section 75 (4) of the TNGST Act, 2017 it has been observed that only after a reply is sent by the assessee, the Authority can apply its mind and if they contemplate an adverse decision they must provide an opportunity of hearing. Learned Single Judge has also observed that issuing a personal hearing notice even prior to the receipt of the explanation from the petitioner cannot be said to be in compliance of Section 75 (4) of the TNGST Act, 2017. Section 75 (4) of the TNGST Act,

Observation of the court

Only after receipt of the reply and only in cases where the respondent contemplates an adverse decision against the petitioner, a personal hearing will have to be granted and not before a reply is received from the petitioner, that too when the reply has been duly acknowledged in the impugned orders.

In the result, the impugned assessment orders all dated 25.10.2022 are hereby quashed and the matters are remanded back to the respondent for fresh consideration on merits and in accordance with law. The respondent shall pass final orders within a period of twelve weeks from the date of receipt of a copy of this order, after adhering to the principles of natural justice and after affording a personal hearing to the petitioner.

With the aforementioned directions, this Writ Petition is disposed No Costs. Consequently, the connected Writ Miscellaneous Petitions are closed.

Conclusion

In the result, appeal of the assessee is allowed and ruled in favour of the assessee

Read the full order from here

Shyam-Granites-and-Marbles-Vs-Assistant-Commissioner-ST-FAC-Madras-High-Court-1

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