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January 5, 2023

For calculating turnover while dealing with derivatives ICAI guidelines is applicable

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in Income Tax, Legal Court Judgement

For calculating turnover while dealing with derivatives ICAI guidelines is applicable

Fact and Issue of the Case

Brief facts are that the assessee is engaged in the business of trading, financing, reality and commodity etc. The assessee filed his return of income dated 04.04.2016, declaring total income of Rs.72,46,410/- for the impugned year. The assessee’s case was selected for scrutiny and assessment order dated 24.11.2017 was passed u/s.143(3) determining total income at Rs.72,46,410/-.

The A.O. observed that the assessee has shown short term capital loss of Rs.3,74,357/- from trading in future and option, which was treated as ‘business loss’ instead of ‘STCL’, as the assessee was trading in future and option and not sale of asset. It is also observed that the assessee has declared total turnover from the impugned transaction in future and option of Rs.30,94,12,449/-. The A.O. levied penalty u/s.271B amounting to Rs.1,50,000/- on the ground that as the turnover of the assessee was beyond the limit prescribed u/s.44AB of the Act and that the assessee has failed to submit the report of the auditors and audited statement of accounts and that the same leads to contravention of provision of section 44AB of the Act.

The assessee was in appeal before the ld. CIT(A) as against the order of the A.O. The ld. CIT(A) confirmed the penalty levied by the A.O. on the ground that the assessee has controverted the provision of section 44AB of the Act. The assessee aggrieved by this was in appeal before ITAT.

Observation of the Tribunal

Having heard the rival submissions and perused the materials on record, it is observed that the assessee has shown STCL of Rs.3,74,357/-, from trading in future and option, which transacts from business of trading in shares and derivates. The A.O. has determined the total turnover from the said transaction as Rs.30,94,12,449/-, which according to the A.O. was beyond the limit prescribed in section 44AB of the Act which stipulates turnover above Rs.1,00,00,000/- for the impugned year (now enhanced to Rs.2,00,00,000/- applicable from A.Y. 2021-22). It is pertinent to analyze the nature of transaction involving shares and derivatives. The most commonly prevalent derivative transaction is future and options commonly known as F & O and in case of calculation of tax for such transaction, the total turnover or gross receipts in the previous year are to be taken into consideration. Section 44AD of the Act prescribes a percentage of such total turnover as gross receipts to be calculated for levying tax. In the common parlance turnover as per Companies Act, 2013 means that aggregate value of the realization amount made from sale, supply or distribution of goods or on account of services rendered or both, by a company during the financial year. This interpretation does not hold good in case of F & O transactions where there are neither physical goods involved nor any delivery of shares or securities involved in the said transaction. The entries in the books of accounts of such transactions are not made on the contracted notes issued, but are made only of the differences. For the said purpose, the Institute of Chartered Accountant of India has prescribed the method of computing the turnover in such cases through ‘Guidance Note on Tax Audit’. The following is the relevant extract for the said purpose: Keeping in view the distinct features of an F and O transaction, the ICAI has prescribed that the turnover in such transactions should be computed as the sum of the following: (i) The total of favourable and unfavourable differences; (ii) Premium received on sale of options; (iii) Difference in respect of any reverse trades entered into Each transaction comprising “buy” and “sell” is to be considered as an independent transaction and the turnover in respect of each such transaction must be computed separately. The total turnover during a financial year would be the turnover of all such independent transactions for that financial year.

The issue involved in the present scenario is the legal sanctity of guidance note issued by ICAI, for which we would like to place our reliance on the decision cited by the assessee in the case of Punjab Stainless Industries (supra) and Pact Securities and Financials Ltd. (supra), wherein it was held that the Hon’ble Apex Court has recognized ICAI as an expert body of accountants and the guidance note on tax audit issued by them can be relied upon in the absence of any statutory provision for computation of turnover in such cases.

From the above observation, the tribunal find that the validity of the ICAI guidance for calculating the turnover in case of derivatives has been reiterated by various judicial precedence. Upon consideration of the said method of calculating the turnover in transactions related to future and options, the assessee’s case does not fall under the provisions of section 44AB of the Act which mandates auditing of books of accounts and furnishing audited statement of accounts. From the above cited decisions, and also decisions of the co-ordinate bench in case of Sachin Maratrao Rangari (supra) on identical issue, we find no merit in the order of ld. CIT(A) and we hereby delete the penalty levied u/s. 271B of the Act.

Conclusion

The tribunal ruled in favour of the assessee and directed to delete the penalty levied u/s. 271B of the Act.

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