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October 13, 2022

In absence of FTS clause Income is chargeable as Business profit & not taxable in absence of Permanent establishment

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in Income Tax

In absence of FTS clause Income is chargeable as Business profit & not taxable in absence of Permanent establishment

Facts and issues of the case

This is an appeal by the assessee against order dated 31.06.2019 of learned Commissioner of Income-Tax (Appeals)-4, New Delhi pertaining to assessment year 2015-16.Briefly the facts are, assessee, a resident corporate entity, is stated to be engaged in providing business process outsourcing services in the nature of collection/accounts receivable management and customer retention services to its overseas Associated Enterprises (AE). For the year under dispute, assessee filed its return of income on 27.11.2015 declaring income of Rs.14,31,61,230. In course of assessment proceedings, the assessing officer noticed that in the year under consideration, assessee has

remitted an amount of Rs.9,22,52,255 to an Overseas Entity viz., IQOR Philippines, which has been shown in the financial statement as contractual employees cost. After calling for necessary details and examining them, the assessing officer found that the payment was made to the AE in the form of business auxiliary services without withholding tax under Section 195 of the Act. He, therefore, called upon the assessee to explain why the said amount should not be disallowed under Section 40(a)(i) of the Act.

Observation by the court

Assessee submitted that in absence of any Fee for Technical Services (FTS) clause in the India-Philippines Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA), the payment made by assessee is to be treated as business profit. Therefore, in absence of a Permanent Establishment (PE) of the payee in India, the amount cannot be taxed. Therefore, there is no legal requirement of deducting tax at source. The assessing officer, however, did not accept the submission of assessee. He was of the view that the payment made by assessee is in the nature of FTS. He observed, there being no FTS clause in Indi, plilippines, DTAA, the domestic law will prevail and the provisions relating to FTS as per domestic law will apply. Thus, he held that, though, the assessee was required to deduct tax at source on payment of FTS, having not done so, the amount has to be disallowed under Section 40(a)(i) of the Act. Accordingly, he disallowed the payment of Rs.9,22,52,255. The assessee contested the aforesaid disallowance before learned Commissioner (Appeals). After considering the submission of the assessee in the context of facts and materials on record, learned Commissioner (Appeals) held that, even, in absence of FTS clause in the relevant Tax Treaty, the income received by the payee from India has to be classified as per other provisions of DTAA. Hence, the income has to be considered as business profit as per Article 7 of the India-Philippines DTAA. Proceeding further, he observed, once the income received is in the nature of business profit, in the absence of PE, the income is not taxable in India.

Court had heard the parties and perused the material on record. While, learned Departmental Representative strongly relied upon the observations of the assessing officer, learned counsel appearing for the assessee relied upon the observations of learned Commissioner (Appeals) and submitted that there are a number of decisions of the co–ordinate Benches, wherein, with reference to India-Philippines DTAA, it has been held that, even, in absence of FTS clause, the income would be governed under the other provisions of DTAA, hence, has to be treated as business profit under Article 7, which, in absence of a PE cannot be taxed in India.

Having considered rival submissions and perused the material available on record, court find, the issue is settled in favour of assessee in a number of decisions of the co-ordinate Benches, with reference to India-Philippines DTAA itself. No contrary decision has been brought to our notice by learned Departmental Representative. Therefore, respectfully following the ratio laid down in the decisions, referred to above, court uphold the decision of learned Commissioner (Appeals) on the issue. Grounds raised are dismissed.


In the result, the appeal is dismissed.


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