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September 8, 2022

Bombay High Court orders the government to open a portal for TRAN-1 and TRAN-2 filings for two months

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in GST, Legal Court Judgement

Bombay High Court orders the government to open a portal for TRAN-1 and TRAN-2 filings for two months

Facts and Issue of the Case

The Petition is filed in relation to the objections raised with regard to transition and distribution of CENVAT Credit by Input Service Distributor (ISD) of the balance of Service Tax/Excise Duty as on 30th June, 2017. Since filing declaration in Form GST TRAN-1 was the only route for transitioning of the accumulated CENVAT credit balance in the ISD registration under the erstwhile service tax regime, Petitioner had filed the declaration in Form GST TRAN-1 for transitioning the credit of Rs.13,69,01,936/- under Section 140 of the CGST Act within the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner. The transition of the aforesaid CENVAT credit was permitted and the said balance of Rs.13,69,01,936/- got credited to the Electronic Credit Ledger (“ECL”) of the ISD registration on the GST common portal.

Petitioner issued the invoices to transfer the transitional credit being accumulated ISD credit to its other units and further disclosed the said transfer to the recipient units through Column 9 of Table 8 in Form GST TRAN-1. Basis the same, the respective units availed the input tax credit in its Electronic Credit Ledger by disclosing the respective amount of ISD Credit transferred in its returns filed under GST in Form GSTR-3B. The case of the Respondents is that (i) Petitioner has wrongly transitioned the balance of ISD credit in Form GST TRAN-1 as ISD is not eligible to carry forward its balance credit to electronic credit ledger under Section 140(1) of the CGST; (ii) Migration of ISD registration from the existing law to the GST regime as an ISD is prohibited under GST; and (iii) the ISD has transitioned credit with respect to invoices which were not received by it prior to 30th June, 2017.

It is Petitioner’s case that there is no dispute with regard to the eligibility of Petitioner to the claim and/or transition the aforesaid Credit. The entire dispute only pertains to the procedure for transition of the said CENVAT credit being balance of the ISD credit and its distribution to the other units of Petitioner. It is not the case of the department, that Petitioner has transitioned/distributed ineligible credit i.e. there is no loss to revenue on account of the said transition/distribution of the credit. Even for invoices received post 30th June, 2017, credit can be availed under Section 140(7) of the CGST Act. It appears that most of the procedural issues have arisen due to the fact that the GST was at the nascent stage of its implementation and there was a prevalent ambiguity with regard to the transitional provisions.

Observation by the Court

The court also intend to adopt the same approach. Therefore , the court hereby direct Respondents to open the common portal for filing concerned forms for availing Transitional Credit through TRAN-1 and TRAN-2 for two months, i.e., with effect from 1st September, 2022 to 31st October, 2022 in compliance with the order of the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India. Accordingly, Petitioner’s recipient units can file revised declaration in Form GST TRAN-1, either electronically or manually , for taking the credit already distributed to them by the ISD registration of Petitioner by issuing invoices. Once, such a revised declaration is filed by the concerned recipient units of Petitioner, the credit already taken by the said units shall be treated to have been taken validly on the date on which it was originally taken. However, no further credit based on revised declaration in Form TRAN-1 shall be claimed by Petitioner, as the said filing is purely for regularizing the earlier action of transition and distribution of Cenvat credit by the ISD registration of Petitioner.

In case the said credit is once again reflected in the Electronic Credit Ledger of the recipient units, Petitioner undertakes that its recipient units shall make a debit entry in the Electronic Credit Ledger to the extent such credit has already been claimed earlier. Once, the credit taken by the respective units is regularized by filing revised electronic or manual declaration (as the case may be) in Form GST TRAN-1, the credit balance shown in Electronic Credit Ledger of Petitioner being the balance of ISD credit transitioned shall be deemed to have lapsed/deleted. Respondents and the authorities concerned shall not proceed to adjudicate the above impugned Show Cause Notice issued to Petitioner for transition of ISD credit balance and its subsequent distribution. Liberty to Petitioner to raise all other issues/contentions/ reliefs raised in this Writ Petition in the appropriate proceedings at appropriate time, if need arises.


The petition disposed by the court.

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