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May 7, 2022

Expenses incurred after the business is established are deductible.

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in Income Tax

Expenses incurred after the business is established are deductible.

Facts and Issue of the case

The assessee company was incorporated on 17.12.2014. Hence, the year under consideration is the first year for the assessee. The assessee is engaged in the business of providing information technology application management support and BPO services to M/s. E Land Group companies. During the year under consideration, the assessee incurred the expenditure  to  the  tune  of  Rs.18,78,529/-. The assessee claimed that it has already set up  the business during the year under consideration and accordingly claimed the above said loss under the head “Income from business” and also claimed that it should be carried forward to next year.

The A.O. noticed that the assessee did not commence business during the year under consideration. He noticed that the assessee has entered into a Service agreement with a group company named M/s. K. Swiss Inc. for providing service with effective from 1.4.2015. He noticed that the above said agreement was signed by the assessee on 26.11.2015 and by the above said group company on 23.11.2015. The first invoice was raised by the assessee company only on 19-10- 2015. The AO also noticed that the assessee did not generate any revenue during the year under consideration. The A.O., relying on the decision rendered by Hon’ble Supreme Court in the case of CWT Vs. Ramaraj Surgical Cotton Mills Ltd. (1967) 63 ITR 478 observed that “A Unit cannot be said to have been set up unless it is ready to discharge function for which it is being set up”. Accordingly, the A.O. held that the business of the assessee was not set up and hence the expenditure incurred prior to setting up of business is not deductible. Accordingly, he rejected the claim of business loss of Rs.18,78,529/- and determined the total income as nil.

The Ld. CIT(A) called for annual report of the assessee company and referred to the observations made in the Director’s report, wherein the objective of the company have been mentioned.Accordingly, the Ld. CIT(A) took the view that the business of the assessee is commencing from April 1st, 2015 only. Prior to that date, the assessee has recruited only 2 employees only, even though it is required select 25 team members.   Accordingly, the Ld CIT(A) took the view that the assessee has not created the required technological capability to start the support services during the year under consideration. Accordingly, he took the view that the assessee was not fully ready to start the services and hence it cannot be said that the assessee has set up the business during the yar under consideration. Before Ld. CIT(A), the assessee placed reliance on the decision rendered by Hon’ble High Court of Delhi in the case of OmniGlobe Information Tech India in ITA No.257/2012 (369 ITR 1). However, the Ld. CIT(A) held that the above said decision is distinguishable from the facts prevailing in the present case. Accordingly, he dismissed the appeal filed by the assessee.

Observation of the Court

Court has heard the parties and perused the record. The Ld A.R took us through the financial statements relating to the year under consideration. He submitted that the assessee has already set up its office during the year under consideration by purchasing Computer equipment for Rs.4,31,199/-, Computer software for Rs.71,072/- Furniture and fixtures for an amount of Rs.19,465/- and Office equipment for Rs.4,64,874/-. He further submitted that the expenses incurred by the assessee would show that the assessee has already employed certain employees, taken an office premises on rent, incurred communication expenses. He submitted that all these expenses are core expenses that are required to be incurred after setting up of business. He submitted that the observation made by the directors in their report, which has been extracted by Ld CIT(A) in his order, refer to the assessment of Marketing and market environment. He further submitted that there is difference between setting up of business and actual commencement of business. He submitted that the expenses incurred after setting up of business is allowable as deduction, even though the actual commencement may take place on a subsequent date. The Ld A.R placed his reliance on various case laws in support of his contentions. He further submitted that the decision rendered by Hon’ble Delhi High Court in the case of Omniglobe Information Tech India P Ltd (supra) is squarely applicable to the facts of the present case and hence the Ld CIT(A) was not justified in observing that the said decision is distinguishable.

The Ld D.R, on the contrary, submitted that there is no dispute that the expenses incurred after setting up of business is allowable as deduction. He submitted that the very fact that the agreement was signed with its group company in November, 2015 would show that the assessee could not have set up its business before 31.3.2015. Further, the assessee has not employed the full technical team, without which it could not have commenced the business. He submitted that the assessee could be said have “set up” its business, only when it is fully ready to commence its operations. He submitted that, in the facts of the present case, it cannot be said that the assessee has set up its business.

Court  heard the parties and perused the record. There is no dispute with regard to the fact that there could be a time gap between “setting up of business” and actual “commencement of business”. It is also settled principle that the expenses incurred after setting up of business is allowable as deduction. Hence the answer to the question as to whether the assessee has set up its business or not would depend upon the facts prevailing in each of the case. Court notices  that, in the  instant  case, the  Ld  A.R has shown to us that the assessee has taken a premises on rent, employed few employees, purchased certain assets.

For determining the question as to whether the assessee has “set up” its business or not, in our considered view, what is required to be seen is whether the assessee is ready to commence its business. As rightly pointed out by Ld CIT(A) that the essential man power is the heart and soul of ITES service Industry. Since the assessee is in service industry providing IT application maintenance support services its requirement of man power and electronic equipment would depend upon the nature and type of work, i.e., type of IT application, it is getting. Hence, in the instant  case,  the  assessee could plan its further recruitment of employees, depending upon the nature and type of work it is getting, which is essential to determine the skill set required for executing the said work.

Court notices that the Ld CIT(A) has referred to the service agreement entered in the succeeding year by the assessee, wherein the management has visualized requirement of 25 technical employees. Since the assessee has not recruited that much number of employees, the Ld CIT(A) has taken the view that the assessee is still in the process of setting up of business. In our view, the directors have stated in the Directors’ report that the nature of work required to be performed under the agreement entered with its AE would require 25 employees. In the instant case, in our view, this kind of decision is taken after setting up of business but before actual commencement of operations. Accordingly, Court is of the view that the Ld CIT(A) was not justified in observing that the assessee is in the process of setting up of business, since it has not yet completed recruitment of 25 employees. Accordingly, in the facts and circumstance of the case, court is  of the view that the assessee has set up its business during the year under consideration. Accordingly, the expenses incurred by the assessee are allowable as deduction and in the case of loss, it is entitled to carry it forward. Accordingly, court reverses the order passed by Ld CIT(A) and direct the AO allow the expenses and also carry forward of loss.

Conclusion

Court partly allowed the appeal filed by the assessee.

E-Land-Systems-Pvt.-Ltd.-Vs-ITO-ITAT-Bangalore

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