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March 26, 2022

Gain from Sale of Land (Shown as Investment in Books) is taxable as Capital Gain

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in Income Tax

Gain from Sale of Land (Shown as Investment in Books) is taxable as Capital Gain

Fact and Issue of the case

This appeal by the assessee is directed against the order passed by the CIT(A)-2, Thane on 31-05-2016 in relation to the assessment year 2009-10. It is a recalled matter inasmuch as the earlier ex parte order passed on 26.02.2018 was subsequently recalled on 26.04.2021.

The only other ground which survives in this appeal is against treating the long term capital gain at Rs.4,13,324/- returned by the assessee, as ‘Business income’ amounting to Rs. 22,81,610/-. Briefly stated, the facts of the case are that the assessee, a partnership firm, came into existence for undertaking construction and development work. A piece of land was purchased on 07-07-2005 for Rs.19,53,390/-. Development expenses of Rs.2.00 lakh were incurred on the said land. The assessee, on transfer of this land in the year under consideration, offered long term capital gain thereon. The AO held that the land was purchased for the purpose of carrying on business and not as an investment. He, therefore, computed business income of Rs.12,81,610/- as against the long term capital gain shown by the assessee at Rs.4,13,324/-. The ld. CIT(A) confirmed the order of the AO. Aggrieved thereby, the assessee has approached the Tribunal.

Observation of the Court

The court heard both the sides and gone through the relevant material on record. It was seen that the assessee purchased the land in the financial year ending 31-03-2006. Development expenses amounting to Rs.2.00 lakh were also incurred in that year. Before the close of the year ending on 31.3.2006, the assessee came to know about a litigation going-on on this plot. Development cost of Rs.2.00 lakh incurred from August, 2005 to October, 2005, was before the assessee coming to know of the litigation on the plot. The assessee did not undertake any business activity. Before close of the very first year itself, the assessee declared the cost of purchase of land and development expenses as `Investment’ under the head `Fixed Assets’ in its balance sheet. The position continued to remain the same in its balance sheets on 31-03-2007, 31-03-2008, during which the assessee continued to declare such Plot as `Investment’.

In the year under consideration, the assessee could manage to sell the property by involving the other party to the litigation on the same property, namely, Maruti Builders and Developers, signing as a ‘Consenting Party’. Thus it is clear that the assessee continued to treat such land as Investment ab initio, by showing it under the head `Fixed assets’ in its balance sheets from year to year and not as ‘Stock in trade’, which position has not been disputed by the AO in any of the earlier years. In the given peculiar facts and circumstances of the case, the court is of the considered opinion that the land purchased by the assessee in the year 2005 has rightly been treated as Capital asset by the assessee, income from whose transfer is liable to be taken under the head `Capital Gains’ and not as Business Income. I, therefore, overturn the impugned order and restore the assessee’s point of view on this issue.


The court overturned the impugned order and order in the favour of assesse.

For more details refer to the attached file


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