Can you get Input Tax Credit in GST if payment is made as per book adjustment
The GST Act does not restrict the recipient from claiming the input tax credit when consideration is paid through book adjustment, subject to a set of conditions laid in accordance to section 16 and section 49 of the GST Act. In an interesting case the Authority for Advance Ruling West Bengal has held that stated that where a payee has to make payment to the payer of a debt and accepts reduction in the liability of such debt as a valid form of payment such reduction in the debt liability is also to be taken as a valid consideration. We shall see how ITC can be made admissible if payment is even made as per book adjustment with the help of the Authority for Advance Ruling AAR- West Bengal in the case of Senco Gold Ltd.
Facts of the Case
The Applicant is engaged in the manufacturing and retailing of jewellery and articles made of gold, silver, platinum, diamonds and other precious stones under the brand name “Senco Gold & Diamonds”. Apart from his own retail stores, the Applicant also maintains a network of franchisee-operated stores. He grants such a franchisee the right and license to operate a showroom and to use, in connection therewith, certain Proprietary Marks and System in accordance with a Franchise Agreement (hereinafter the Agreement). The Applicant raises tax invoices on the Franchisee for the supply of jewellery and other articles and also for Franchise Support Services in terms of the Agreement periodically. On its part, the Franchisee also raises tax invoices on the Applicant for the supply of old gold, silver etc., received from the customers. The Applicant intends to settle the mutual debts through book adjustments.
The Applicant seeks an advance ruling on whether the input tax credit is admissible when he settles through book adjustment the debt created on inward supplies from the Franchisee.
Admissibility of the Application
The question raised is admissible for an advance ruling under section 97(2)(d) of the GST Act.
Declaration by the Applicant
The Applicant declares that the issues raised in the application are not pending nor decided in any proceedings under any provisions of the GST Act. The officer concerned from the revenue has raised no objection to the admissibility of the Application.
Section 16(2) of the GST Act states,
“where a recipient fails to pay to the supplier of goods or services or both, other than the supplies on which tax is payable on reverse charge basis, the amount towards the value of supply along with tax payable thereon within a period of one hundred and eighty days from the date of issue of invoice by the supplier, an amount equal to the input tax credit availed by the recipient shall be added to his output tax liability, along with interest thereon, in such manner as may be prescribed.”
Arguments by the Applicant
The Applicant argues that apart from the above proviso, the GST Act nowhere makes availing of input tax credit dependent upon the payment to be made for the inward supply. The captioned proviso also does not prescribe or restrict the mode in which the payment has to be made. The Applicant submits that payment through adjustment of the books of accounts is a prevalent commercial practice. Para 42 of Indian Accounting Standard 32 provides that a financial asset and a financial liability shall be offset and the net amount presented in the balance sheet when, and only when, an entity (a) currently has a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts; and (b) intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. Further the applicant also refers to rule 19(8) of the West Bengal Value Added Tax Rules, 2005, that restricted claim of input tax credit to transactions where the payment had been made by account payee cheque or account payee draft or through electronic banking clearance when such payment exceeded rupees twenty thousand in a day. No such restriction is apparently provided under the GST Act.
Disagreement and Arguments of Revenue Officer
Section 49 (1) states that,
every deposit made towards tax, interest, penalty, fee and any other amount shall be made through internet banking or by using credit or debit cards or NEFT or RTGS or by such other mode and subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed. Explanation (a) to section 49 further provides that the date of credit to the account of the Government in the authorized bank shall be deemed to be the date of deposit in the electronic cash ledger.
Therefore according to the revenue officer in accordance with the above mentioned section it was clear that all transactions of the supplier and the recipient should be made through the online banking system. Therefore, the recipient is ineligible to claim credit of input tax if the payment is made by way of book adjustment instead of through any banking channel.
A payment is a transfer of an asset to the payee for discharging an obligation arising out of transactions involving goods, services or other legal obligations. The most common asset class used for such payment is money, although other assets unless specifically excluded by law, may be used provided the payee accepts payment by such assets other than money as good and sufficient discharge of the obligation. Of course, in the payer’s books of accounts, such transfer will be reported as a reduction in the book value of the asset being transferred. ln the present context, ‘consideration’, as defined under section 2(31), provides the scope and ambit for modes of payment. lt includes, in relation to the supply of goods or services, any payment, made or to be made, whether in money or otherwise, and also the monetary value of any act or forbearance.
This definition of ‘consideration’ cast the net so wide that almost no form of payment is excluded. For example, a mix of money and monetary value of the goods offered together with it is a valid ‘consideration’. Similarly, if the payee owes the payer a debt, and accepts a reduction in such a debt liability as a valid form of payment, that should also be regarded as a valid ‘consideration’ for a supply. In other words, reduction in book debt (an asset in the payer’s books of accounts) is a valid ‘consideration. Therefore the recipient can pay the supplier consideration by way of setting off book debt.
Unless the law specifically restricts the recipient from claiming the input tax credit when consideration is paid through book adjustment, credit of input tax cannot be denied on this ground alone. Rule 19(8) of the West Bengal Value Added Tax Rules, 2005, specifically provided that credit of input tax would be available only if the payment was made by account payee cheque or account payee draft or through electronic banking clearance when such payment exceeded rupees twenty thousand in a day. No such restriction is apparently provided under the GST Act.
Ruling and Order:
The Applicant can pay the consideration for inward supplies by way of setting off book debt. The GST Act and rules made there under does not restrict the recipient from claiming the input tax credit when consideration is paid through book adjustment, subject to the conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed and in the manner specified in Sections 16 and 49 of the GST Act.