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May 26, 2023

GST: Different states’ turnover must be examined independently

GST: Different states’ turnover must be examined independently

Fact and issue of the case

The petitioner challenges the Assessment, Penalty & Interest order bearing No.DIN3715122281260 dated 15.12.2022 passed by 1st respondent under the SGST and CGST Acts 2017 for the tax periods 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20 (upto November 2019) as without jurisdiction, without authority, contrary to law and violative of principles of natural justice and set aside the said order

The petitioner’s case succinctly is thus

The petitioner challenged the earlier Assessment Order dated 24.06.2020 on the ground that no personal hearing was accorded to the petitioner before passing such order and in W.P.No.22198/2020, this Court passed an order dated 15.03.2021 and remanded the matter to 1st respondent with a direction to afford personal hearing to the petitioner and to pass Assessment Order afresh on merits. Thereafter, the present impugned order dated 15.12.2022 was passed

The petitioner engaged in plying passenger buses in different States i.e., Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamilnadu and Puducherry. The 1strespondent obtained information from M/s Abhibus and wrongly assessed petitioner to tax in respect of the total turnover of the petitioner relating to all the four States. As per statute, the 1st respondent has to assess the petitioner to tax in respect of the turnover relating to A.P. State only and the turnover relates to other States will be excisable to tax as per the relevant statute of those States. Therefore, the impugned Assessment Order is unsustainable

The petitioner inter alia argued that the Joint Commissioner (ST), Chittoor issued authorization in Form GST INS-01 to the 2ndrespondent only for conducting inspection / auditing and not for making assessment, for which a separate Post Audit / Post Inspection, authorization is required to be issued by the Joint Commissioner (ST). However, such an authorization was not issued to the 2nd Further, the 2nd respondent has not passed the Assessment Order but the 1st respondent,who is not the jurisdictional Assessing Authority of the petitioner and who is not the Proper Officer, passed the Assessment Order. Therefore, the impugned order passed by 1st respondent is liable to be set aside for want of authorization and jurisdiction

Learned Government Pleader for Commercial Taxes-II filed the counter and opposed the writ petition

Observation of the court

Heard Sri G.Narendra Chetty, learned counsel for petitioner, and learned Government Pleader for Commercial Taxes-II representing the respondents

As can be seen, the Annexure to DRC-07 dated 13.12.2022 appended to the impugned Assessment Order dated 15.12.2022 shows that the Joint Commissioner (ST), Chittoor has issued authorization for inspection in GST INS-01 dated 29.10.2019 to the Deputy Commissioner (ST), Intelligence, Chittoor / 2ndrespondent vide proceedings dated 29.10.2019 to inspect the premises of the petitioner. However, the impugned Assessment Order dated 15.12.2022 was passed by the Deputy Commissioner (ST), Special Circle, Chittoor Division / 1st respondent

Regarding the above discrepancy, learned Government Pleader in his counter submitted that the proposal of the Chief Commissioner of State Tax was approved by the Government as per the A.P. Gazette notification No.1071 dated 02.07.2022 and notified the cadre strength of the officers and staff of the officers of the Chief Commissioner of State Tax and restructured the Divisions and Circles, in that view, the cadre strength of the Deputy Commissioner in the restructured divisions was reduced to one. Therefore, the proper officer for assessment shall be 1st respondent and hence, the 1strespondent has passed the impugned Assessment Order. We find the above explanation of the G.P as plausible one

It is further stated in the counter that the 1strespondent has given show cause notice (DRC 01), dated 12.09.2022 calling upon the petitioner to offer their objections and same was served on the petitioner through RPAD on the same day and through e-mail on 13.09.2022. The petitioner has not responded to the show cause notice. Then personal hearing dated 21.09.2022 was fixed and served to the petitioner providing seven days time for production of records or documents. The petitioner sought for sixty days time. Thereafter a notice dated 29.09.2022 was issued to the petitioner providing opportunity of thirty days for production of relevant records. Later several notices were served and finally the petitioner replied on 12.12.2022. The main contention of the petitioner was that the bifurcation of AC and NON-AC tickets was not taken into account. However assessment was done on both AC and NON-AC buses and also data received for revenue from third parties i.e., M/s ABHI BUS and RED BUS. Basing on the record the tax and penalty were imposed U/s 74 of CGST/SGST Act, 2017. It is further argued that the data requested by the tax payer has been completely furnished to him. Even after several notices the petitioner has not produced relevant records though petitioner can easily obtain data of his services, he unnecessarily filed the writ petition

In the light of above counter averments reiterated in the argument of learned G.P the only aspect to be considered is whether the information obtained by the 1st respondent from the third parties i.e., Ms/ ABHI BUS and RED BUS is confined to the turnover of the petitioner relating to A.P. State or it includes the remaining three States also. The petitioner’s grievance is that the respondent obtained total turnover basing on which the assessment was made which is wrong. Neither in the counter nor in arguments, that aspect has been clarified by the respondents. Therefore, we deem it apposite to give an opportunity to the petitioner to furnish the relevant data showing the turnover of the petitioner relating to A.P, Tamilnadu, Telangana and Puducherry separately for appreciation of the Authorities and to make fresh assessment in accordance with law

The Writ Petition is allowed and the impugned Assessment Order dated 15.12.2022 passed by 1st respondent under SGST /CGST Acts, 2017 for the tax periods 2017-18, 2018-19 and 2019-20 (up to November, 2019) is hereby set aside and liberty is given to the petitioner to submit the relevant records showing the turnover relating to his bus business separately for the States of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamilnadu and Puducherry for the relevant period before 1st respondent, on the condition of petitioner depositing admitted tax less the tax already deposited within three (3) weeks from the date of receipt of copy of this order, in which case, the 1st respondent shall consider the same and after affording an opportunity of hearing to the petitioner, pass fresh assessment order for the relevant period on merits and in accordance with the governing law and rules expeditiously. No costs

As a sequel, interlocutory applications, pending if any, shall stand closed


In the result, appeal of the assessee is allowed and ruled in favour of the assessee

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