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April 6, 2023

ITAT Ahmedabad Confirms That the Donation to the Rashtriya Komi Ekta Party Is Valid

ITAT Ahmedabad Confirms That the Donation to the Rashtriya Komi Ekta Party Is Valid

Fact and issue of the case

Brief facts of the case are that in the Asstt.Year 2012-13, the assessee has given donation of Rs.55 lakhs to Rashtriya Komi Ekta Party (“RKE” party for short) which is duly registered with Election Commission of India. Similarly, for the Asstt. Year 2014-15, the assessee has given donation to the following parties.

Sr. No.Name of the DoneeAmount in Rs.
1.Rashtrya Komi Ekta Party3,00,00,000
2.Akhil Bhartiya Hindu Mahasabha1,00,00,000
3.Lok Janshakti Party1,54,00,000
4.Shri Sadvichar Panvar Jankalyan Pashuraksha Charitable Trust.75,00,000
5.Mahavir Shubh Sandesh Jivdaya Panjrapoie Charitable Trust25,00,000
6.Shri Vardhman Jjivadevi Panjrapoie Charitable Trust25,00,000

Observation of the court

A perusal of the above section would reveal that it provides deduction of any amount of contribution made by an assessee in the previous year to a political party. Only exception provided in this section is that the assessee should not be by a local authority i.e. Municipal authority etc. or any artificial juridical person wholly or partly funded by the Government. In other words, donation should not be given by a local authority or by a corporation funded by the Government. Except these two categories of the assessee, if any other assessees made a contribution to a political party, then such contribution would be allowed as deduction. Explanation appended to this section further provides the meaning of a political party and it contemplates a “political party” means a political party registered under section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. The assessee has produced details of payment made through account payee cheques as well as registration certificate of these political parties before the AO. Only exclusion made with effect from 1.4.2014 is that donation should not be made in cash and this clause is not applicable on the facts of the assessee’s case, because it has made through account payee cheques…………

The case of the Revenue in the Asstt.Year 2014-15 is that the assessee failed to prove, whether ultimately, the donees have used these monies ? The AO has devoted a lot of energy in conducting such inquiry as to how these monies have been incurred by the recipients. To our mind, the authorities below have misdirected themselves. The donees are taxable entities in themselves. If they misused their position and failed to conduct themselves in regard with requirement of law, then this amount could be taxable in his hands. Act nowhere put obligation upon the donor to ensure how the funds are utilized by thedonee towards their objects. Due to this reason, we are of the view that whole angle of inquiry at the end of the AO is misdirected. It is for the AO to verify whether these charitable institutions have utilized funds for charitable objects or not, in their own cases, and if they failed to utilize funds for their objects, then their charitable status could be cancelled. Registration under section 12AA could be cancelled as per the procedure contemplated in section 12AA(3) of the Act. The funds which were not used for objects of the Trust, that can be brought to tax under section 13(3) of the Act. A perusal of the scheme of Income Tax Act, it would reveal that once the donation has been made, the donee is not under obligation to keep a track of the donation, and nothing left in his hand which can ask for return of these amounts. There is no such provision provided in the Act. If a duly recognized institution, for the purpose of receiving donation, somebody makes donation and then how the donation would be bogus, if the donee failed to use it for the object which has been made eligible to receive the donation. How the donor could dictate terms after donations are made ? No donee will be under influence of the donor for arranging its affairs. Therefore, there isfallacy in the approach of the ld.AO as well as the ld.CIT(A) for disallowing the donations made by the assessee. We do not find merit in the grounds of Revenue raised in the Asstt.Year 2012-13. The ld.CIT(A) has rightly deleted the disallowance of Rs.55.00 lakhs. This ground of appeal is rejected. On the same analogy, the grounds appeal raised by the assessee in the Asstt.Year 2014-15 for disallowance of Rs.5,86,32,892/- is allowed.

In the result, ITA No.1778/Ahd/2016 (by Revenue) is dismissed, and ITA No.1900/Ahd/2016 (by assessee) is partly allowed.


In the result, appeal of the assessee is allowed and ruled in favour of the assessee

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