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December 15, 2022

16 lakh incidents of cybercrime; more than 32,000 FIRs have been filed since January 2020: Govt

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in Compliance Law

16 lakh incidents of cybercrime; more than 32,000 FIRs have been filed since January 2020: Govt

With enhanced use of cyber space, number of cyber crimes including frauds is also increasing. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) compiles and publishes the statistical data on crimes in its publication “Crime in India”. The latest published report is for the year 2021. As per the data published by the NCRB, detail of State/UT wise cases registered under cyber crimes (involving communication devices as medium/target) during the period from 2017 to 2021 is given below.

State/UT-wise Cases Registered(CR), Cases Chargesheeted(CCS), Cases Convicted(CON), Cases Discharged (CDIS), Cases Acquitted (CAQ),   Persons Arrested(PAR), Persons Chargesheeted(PCS), Persons Convicted(PCV),Persons Discharged (PDIS) and Persons Acquitted (PAQ) under Total Cyber Crimes during 2017-2018

  20172017201720172017201720172017201720172018201820182018201820182018201820182018
 State/UTCRCCSCONCDISCAQPARPCSPCVPDISPAQCRCCSCONCDISCAQPARPCSPCVPDISPAQ
1Andhra Pradesh931198407038826954102120724310933522412141059
2Arunachal Pradesh10000000007000000000
3Assam112017900112617260012022201313817302243238
4Bihar43325120198842653020374229000357330000
5Chhattisgarh1717894812812794181397830131181093016
6Goa1340101602029210133101
7Gujarat458190002472437002702334002786647002
8Haryana5041301107721119712016841818450342602525048
9Himachal Pradesh561520143417201969250021927003
10Jharkhand7201153243681553249301863401545036238019
11Karnataka317413000392941630060583913910433781981076
12Kerala32014480432401599047340203833129825612331
13Madhya Pradesh49034972754454892107405751935473580825476
14Maharashtra360472011048171611961036335111052101502118144922164
15Manipur74000025000029000080000
16Meghalaya39100181001740000120000
17Mizoram1072011072016200032000
18Nagaland00000000002100121000
19Odisha824143104200200104843219002254284003
20Punjab17660222122311122272398051192581187127
21Rajasthan13041845711374357572011042322184184113110
22Sikkim10000000001100011000
23Tamil Nadu228700092089900122951311112432618511147
24Telangana120926610648084281092120548000296996010053
25Tripura710013100120000040000
26Uttar Pradesh4971170079242272625768326362802325373789343732384457117
27Uttarakhand124471015558202171552029275306
28West Bengal56813310326699104335186308159198308
 TOTAL STATE(S)215305115149204901144782021592874126931716349027498134471019159630704
29A&N Islands320011200179000213000
30Chandigarh3213105302010530133071313307
31D&N Haveli and Daman & Diu+11000110000000000000
32Delhi1623822010569220189322918349292
33Jammu & Kashmir*63110041712004731400619190012
34Ladakh
35Lakshadweep00000000004000020000
36Puducherry500000000014300133003
 TOTAL UT(S)2666532101541043210317715915122975924
 TOTAL (ALL INDIA)217965180152225001160183061623075127248723449536513135691028860139728
* Data of erstwhile Jammu & Kashmir State including Ladakh during 2017,2018

State/UT-wise Cases Registered(CR), Cases Chargesheeted(CCS), Cases Convicted(CON), Cases Discharged (CDIS), Cases Acquitted (CAQ),   Persons Arrested(PAR), Persons Chargesheeted(PCS), Persons Convicted(PCV),Persons Discharged (PDIS) and Persons Acquitted (PAQ) under Total Cyber Crimes during 2019-2020

SLState/UT20192019201920192019201920192019201920192020202020202020202020202020202020202020 
  CRCCSCONCDISCAQPARPCSPCVPDISPAQCRCCSCONCDISCAQPARPCSPCVPDISPAQ 
1Andhra Pradesh188623530534523445068189931461088475446910123
2Arunachal Pradesh8000010000301000121000
3Assam2231349130531636733130533530385004117173950080
4Bihar105028840461014519170461512651000751727000
5Chhattisgarh175941302313913619027297152307209188307
6Goa15200013250014060011515001
7Gujarat7844470081083106400111283475004942906004
8Haryana5641886040314288100636562210093473230021
9Himachal Pradesh7620204442420498310014639001
10Jharkhand109534419016402568190161204462125244820791131745
11Karnataka12020111902644618310031107412842201948929162025
12Kerala30717620332202142046426161007299179007
13Madhya Pradesh60240518413659531245186994451472869259815728
14Maharashtra4967980724517391470926054969023133173512383148
15Manipur4000080000790000170000
16Meghalaya89200033000142100097000
17Mizoram840005500013820048200
18Nagaland20000000008000000000
19Odisha14852200003163510001931282001369396001
20Punjab2439053262591189435378106105298162108
21Rajasthan176231235149571556412311135434024521541520321127
22Sikkim21010320200000100001
23Tamil Nadu3851138194001611011278213577255162379828
24Telangana26918471001287481564110179502493928005611691158282081
25Tripura2040001500034500065000
26Uttar Pradesh11416370520130464324525827245661109749876423647649164278784755
27Uttarakhand100401007172100243580109380010
28West Bengal52410440262151244027712178006203313006
 TOTAL STATE(S)4451190993605560515076143184788277449708140871109694441826518075136792597
29A&N Islands20010000105500035000
30Chandigarh2395071414601017310243202
31D&N Haveli and Daman & Diu+30000100003100011000
32Delhi1155821111478021121686100010777000
33Jammu & Kashmir*73180042222006120140013323001
34Ladakh1000000000
35Lakshadweep40000000003000020000
36Puducherry430008800010500055000
 TOTAL UT(S)224887222192124822832789103155114203
 TOTAL (ALL INDIA)4473591873675762715268144424868480250035141761110694471842018189136992600
‘+’ Combined data of erstwhile D&N Haveli UT and Daman & Diu UT during 2019;
‘ *’ Data of erstwhile Jammu & Kashmir State including Ladakh during 2019.

State/UT-wise Cases Registered(CR), Cases Chargesheeted(CCS), Cases Convicted(CON), Cases Discharged (CDIS), Cases Acquitted (CAQ),   Persons Arrested(PAR), Persons Chargesheeted(PCS), Persons Convicted(PCV),Persons Discharged (PDIS) and Persons Acquitted (PAQ) under Total Cyber Crimes during 2021

  2021202120212021202120212021202120212021
SLState/UTCRCCSCONCDISCAQPARPCSPCVPDISPAQ
1Andhra Pradesh187537480493635158053
2Arunachal Pradesh47300053000
3Assam48465792288609693122149
4Bihar1413424201980520201
5Chhattisgarh352200001260245004
6Goa36180024222002
7Gujarat15367150115139513940115
8Haryana62232630376476014061
9Himachal Pradesh70631016877101
10Jharkhand953400250301414121545030
11Karnataka8136580110068615596712083
12Kerala6262872221444734524014
13Madhya Pradesh58948750147580380211923101
14Maharashtra55621428238482475191460850
15Manipur672000312000
16Meghalaya107600128001
17Mizoram30203003121300
18Nagaland8000010000
19Odisha2037313002363412002
20Punjab55118840124162474035
21Rajasthan1504502232125861864402233
22Sikkim0000000000
23Tamil Nadu107614760306121988036
24Telangana103031361190241478217921031
25Tripura2410000810000
26Uttar Pradesh882944072921742688760063871762
27Uttarakhand718158000207266000
28West Bengal51330717162463361716
 TOTAL STATE(S)5243018526490865712675325100735114770
29A&N Islands83000124000
30Chandigarh15601397013
31D&N Haveli and Daman & Diu+5200044000
32Delhi356157100494336100
33Jammu & Kashmir*1544900310260005
34Ladakh5000000000
35Lakshadweep1100001000
36Puducherry0000000000
 TOTAL UT(S)544218116621412118
 TOTAL (ALL INDIA)5297418744491875772737425512736115778

 ‘Police’ and ‘Public Order’ are State subjects as per the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India. The States/UTs are primarily responsible for the prevention, detection, investigation and prosecution of crimes including cyber crime through their Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs). The Law Enforcement Agencies (LEAs) take legal action as per the provisions of law against persons involved in cyber crime. The Central Government supplements the initiatives of the States/UTs through advisories and financial assistance under various schemes for their capacity building.

To  strengthen  the  mechanism  to  deal  with  cyber  crimes in  a comprehensive  and  coordinated  manner,  the  Central  Government  has taken  steps  for  spreading  awareness  about  cyber  crimes,  issuance  of  alerts/ advisories, capacity building/ training of   law  enforcement personnel/ prosecutors/ judicial officers, improving cyber forensic facilities, etc. The Government  has  established  the  ‘Indian  Cyber  Crime  Coordination  (I4C) to provide a framework and eco-system for LEAs to deal with cyber crimes in a comprehensive and coordinated manner.

The ‘National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal’ (www.cybercrime.gov.in) allows easy reporting of all types of cyber crimes. Cyber crime incidents reported on this portal are routed automatically to the respective State/UT law enforcement agency for further handling as per the provisions of law. As per the data maintained, more than 16 lakh cyber crime incidents have been reported and more than 32 thousand FIRs have been registered from 01.01.2020 to 07.12.2022. The ‘Citizen Financial Cyber Fraud Reporting and Management System’ has been launched for immediate reporting of financial frauds and to stop siphoning off fund by the fraudsters. So far, financial fraud transactions amounting to more than Rs.180 Crore have been saved. A toll-free Helpline number ‘1930’ has been operationalized to get assistance in lodging online cyber complaints.

National Information Security Policy and Guidelines (NISPG) 2019 has been issued in order to prevent information security breaches/Cyber intrusions in ICT infrastructure. The NISPG has been shared with the Central Ministries as well as the State Governments/ Union Territories. They have been advised to take appropriate steps to strengthen information security controls as per NISPG for strengthening Information Security and preventing information security breaches.

To spread awareness on cyber crime, the Central Government has taken initiatives which, inter-alia, include; dissemination of messages through SMS, I4C social media account i.e. Twitter handle (@Cyberdost), Facebook(CyberDostI4C),  Instagram(cyberdosti4c), Telegram(cyberdosti4c), Radio campaign, engaged MyGov for publicity in multiple media, organizing Cyber Safety and Security Awareness weeks in association with States/UTs,  publishing of Handbook for Adolescents/Students, etc. The States/UTs have also been requested to carry out publicity to create mass awareness.

The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) compiles and publishes the statistical data on cyber crime police   stations in its publication “Data on Police Organizations”. The latest published report is for the year 2021. As per the data published by the BPR&D, State/UT-wise detail of the cyber crime police stations, as on 01.01.2021 is given below.

State/UT –wise details of cyber crime police stations

Sl.No.STATES/UTsNumber of Cyber Crime Police Stations
1Andhra Pradesh3
2Arunachal Pradesh0
3Assam0
4Bihar0
5Chhattisgarh1
6Goa1
7Gujarat14
8Haryana3
9Himachal Pradesh1
10Jharkhand7
11Karnataka11
12Kerala19
13Madhya Pradesh1
14Maharashtra43
15Manipur1
16Meghalaya1
17Mizoram1
18Nagaland1
19Odisha4
20Punjab2
21Rajasthan2
22Sikkim0
23Tamil Nadu46
24Telangana3
25Tripura0
26Uttar Pradesh2
27Uttarakhand1
28West Bengal31
29A & N Islands0
30Chandigarh0
31D & N Haveli and Daman & Diu0
32Delhi0
33Jammu and Kashmir2
34Ladakh0
35Lakshadweep0
36Puducherry1
 TOTAL202

Source: BPR&D publication “Data on Police Organizations”, 2021

This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Ajay Kumar Mishra in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.

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