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September 5, 2022

Section 56 allows expenses related to interest income

by CA Shivam Jaiswal in Income Tax, Legal Court Judgement

Section 56 allows expenses related to interest income

Facts and Issue of the Case

The assessee has raised the following grounds of appeal for AY 2014-15

1.The learned Commissioner of income Tax erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of the Income Tax Officer, Vadodara in treating income of Rs.10,09,670/- as income from other sources taxable u/s.56 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (“the Act”) instead of business income.

2.The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of the learned AO in not allowing deduction u/s.80P(2)(a(i) of the Act on the income of Rs.10,09,670/-.

3.The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in restricting the claim of deduction of expenses from interest income of Rs.10,09,670/- to direct expenses incurred instead of direct and indirect expenses including administrative expenses and thereby restricting the claim of deduction of expenses.

4.The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in computing the expenses allowable at Rs.3,01,992/- instead of Rs.5,47,481/- and thereby computing the net income taxable at Rs.7,07,678/-.

 5. The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of AO in charging interest 234A of the Act.

6.The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of AO in charging interest 234B of the Act.

The assessee has raised the following grounds of appeal for AY 2015-16

1.The learned Commissioner of income Tax erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of the Income Tax Officer, Vadodara in treating income of Rs.9,36,750/- as income from other sources taxable u/s.56 of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (“the Act”) instead of business income.

2. The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of the learned AO in not allowing deduction u/s.80P(2)(a(i) of the Act on the income of Rs.9,36,750/-.

3.The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in restricting the claim of deduction of expenses from interest income of Rs.9,36,750/- to direct expenses incurred instead of direct and indirect expenses including administrative expenses and thereby restricting the claim of deduction of expenses.

4. The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in computing the expenses allowable at Rs.2,44,051/- instead of Rs.4,76,042/- and thereby computing the net income taxable at Rs.6,92,699/-.

5. The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of AO in charging interest 234A of the Act.

6. The learned CIT(A) erred in fact and in law in confirming the action of AO in charging interest 234B of the Act.

The assessee is a co-op society engaged in the business of accepting deposits and providing credit facilities to its members. The assessee filed its return for the financial year under consideration on 25.08.2014 declaring total income at Rs. Nil after claiming deduction under Section 80P of the Income Tax Act, 1961 to the extent of Rs.22,45,102/-. The Assessing Officer observed that the assessee co-op society earns interest on funds which are invested with Banks as well as from its members but claimed deduction under Section 80P of the Act on the income including the entire interest income whereas Section 80P(2)(a)(i) implies that the deduction is available on profit & gains of business attributable to the activity of providing credit facilities to its members. Since the interest earned on FDR with SBI is not from its members, the Assessing Officer held that since the amount of Rs.10,09,672/- aroused on the funds invested in deposits with banks or in other securities, the said income falls in the category of “income from other sources” under Section 56 of the Act not eligible for deduction under Section 80P of the Act. Therefore, the Assessing Officer disallowed the assessee’s claim of deduction under Section 80P to the extent of Rs.10,09,672/- earned from FDR with SBI and treated the same as income from other sources under Section 56 of the Act.

Being aggrieved by the assessment order, the assessee filed appeal before the CIT(A). The CIT(A) dismissed the appeal of the assessee thereby relying upon the Hon’ble Gujarat High Court’s decision in the case of State Bank of India vs. CIT.

The Ld. AR submitted that ground nos.1 & 2 are decided against the assessee by the Hon’ble Jurisdictional High Court’s decision in the case of SBI vs. CIT (Supra) but the Ld. AR submitted that alternate plea of the assessee in respect of restricting the claim of deduction of expenses from interest income of Rs.10,09,672/- should have been considered by the CIT(A) as the same are direct expenses incurred including administrative expenses and, therefore, restricting the claim of deduction of expenses is not proper and justifiable. The Ld. AR further submitted that the actual expenses incurred are Rs.5,47,481/- and the same should be taken into account. The Ld. DR relied upon the Assessment Order and the Order of the CIT(A).

Observatiob by the court

The court had heard both the parties and perused all the relevant material available on record. As regards the ground nos.1 & 2, the same are decided by the Hon’ble Jurisdiction High Court of Gujarat in the case of SBI vs. CIT (supra) against the assessee and there is no factual difference in the present assessee’s case. Therefore, ground nos.1 & 2 are dismissed.

In respect of Ground nos.3 & 4, if the claim of 80P has been rejected, income from FDRs are treated as income from other sources under Section 56 of the Act. The expenses related to the said interest income earned by the assessee has to be allowed which is permissible under the Statute of law. Therefore, the court  remand back this issue for examination to the file of the Assessing Officer to verify the proportionate expenditure and if it is just and proper then the same may be allowed. Needless to say the assessee be given opportunity of hearing by following principles of natural justice. Ground nos.3 & 4 are partly allowed for statistical purposes.

As regard ground nos.5 & 6, the same are consequential and hence not adjudicated upon.ITA for A.Y. 2014-15 is partly allowed for statistical purposes. ITA for A.Y. 2015-16 is contested on identical issues, hence the same observation of A.Y. 2014-15 will apply in A.Y. 2015-16. This appeal filed by the assessee is thus allowed for statistical purposes.

Conclusion

Both the appeals filed by the assessee are partly allowed for statistical purposes.

Shri-Kalyan-Co-op-Credit-Society-Ltd.-Vs-ITO-ITAT-Ahmedabad

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